why is my eye swollen

Swollen eyes are a source of discomfort for anybody suffering from the condition. While there are many causes for swollen eyes, we have found excessive fluid is the consistent culprit in each case. In short, your eyes might be swollen due to excessive fluid. Also known as ‘edema,’ excessive fluid is usually manifested in the upper and lower extremities, such as the ankles and feet and hands. But swollen eyes are usually the first thing sufferers of edema usually notice first thing in the morning.

Outside of edema, there are many other causes of swollen, puffy eyes. Some of them, such as allergies, blepharitis and conjunctivitis, also produce red eye. Here are some other causes of swollen eyes:

Styes

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What are Styes and What Causes Them?
The eyelashes or insides of the eyelid may sometimes have a painful red bump. An infection of the oil glands or a hair follicle of the eyelid is usually the main cause of a stye. The infected glands become clogged and are almost always caused by a staphylococcus bacteria.

Lifestyle factors, such as high stress or poor diet, may be another cause of styes. Those with elevated body fat percentages are more likely to develop clogged oil glands.

Stye Symptoms
Swelling due to a stye occurs after the initial symptoms. The first signs are redness and tenderness at the site, and pain may be present. Also, the eyes might be itchy. If eye swelling occurs, watery or sensitive eyes also may accompany it. If the bump appears yellow, it’s a sign that pus is rising to the surface.

Stye Treatments
If a sty persists for several days, a doctor may lance (drain) the infection under local anesthesia in his or her office. Other options include home remedies for relief. Applying a warm compress or warm washcloth to the affected area for 10 minutes, four to six times a day reduces swelling. This home remedy should not be administered by pressing or squeezing, don’t force the drainage. This can spread or worsen the infection.

Hyperthyroidism

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What is Hyperthyroidism and What Causes It?
The thyroid gland, located near the ‘Adam’s Apple,’ controls metabolism and the rate at which the body burns energy. Though most people with thyroid disorders have hypothyroidism—a sluggish thyroid—the opposite, hyperthyroidism is characterized as an over-active thyroid gland and can produce swollen eyes.

The main cause of hyperthyroidism is a hereditary autoimmune disease called Grave's Disease. This disease most often affects women. Stress can also cause the thyroid gland to excessively release the thyroid hormone.

Hyperthyroidism Symptoms
In addition to swollen eyes, hyperthyroidism symptoms include excessive sweating, rapid heartbeat, fatigue, disrupted menstrual flow, and edema.

Hyperthyroidism Treatments
Beta-blockers are the class of prescription drugs used to treat hyperthyroidism (Atenol is one of them.) Anti-thyroid drugs, radioactive iodine, and surgery are other ways medical professionals treat hyperthyroidism.

Corneal Ulcer

What is a Corneal Ulcer and What Causes It?
In front of the eye, lies the cornea, a clear structure that covers the colored part of the eye, or the iris. A corneal ulcer is a sore over the cornea. Bacterial infections are the main cause of corneal ulcers and sometimes show up in people who use contact lenses. Bacteria can directly invade the cornea if the corneal surface has been disrupted. Some bacteria produce toxins that can cause ulceration.

Viral infections, such as cold sore viruses and the same virus that causes chickenpox and shingles can also cause corneal ulcers. Also, small cuts or scratches in the corneal surface may become infected and lead to corneal ulcers.

Corneal Ulcer Symptoms
Pain, redness, or a constant feeling that something is constantly obstructing the eye can be apparent with a corneal ulcer, as can eye discharge (of the pus-filled variety). In addition to swollen eyes, corneal ulcers can make you cry. An aversion to bright lights and eye pain might also be present. Look for a grayish-white area on the cornea, which lies over the colored part of the eye.

Corneal Ulcer Treatments
If you have a corneal ulcer, your doctor might treat you with drops or ointments, in the case of a bacterial infection. In viral infections, oral medications may be administered. Check with your medical professional to see if you should still wear your contact lenses. In some cases, your doctor may advise against it, especially if the cause of your corneal ulcer is chemical exposure.

Other Swollen Eye Causes and Home Remedies for Treatment
Cellulitis (a bacterial infection), burns, insect bites, and stings are other causes of swollen eyes. Simple home remedies, such as placing cool tea bags, spoons, or cucumbers on the eyes provide relief. This in combination with homeopathic remedies such as astragalus, rooibos, and bilberry may also help treat swollen eyes. If eye pain swelling is severe, check with a medical professional.


 

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